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Exhibition Catalogue & Selected Resources


Bureau of Municipal Research (1918). What is “The Ward” going to do with Toronto? A report on undesirable living conditions in one section of the city of Toronto- “The Ward”- Conditions which are spreading rapidly to other districts.Toronto: Bureau of Municipal Research.


Hastings, C. (1911). Report of the medical health of cer dealing with the recent investigation of slum conditions in Toronto, embodying recommendations for the amelioration of the same. Department of Health: Toronto.


McAree, J. (1912). The Jews in Canada, Maclean’s Mag, 24(1) May pp. 17-27. details/macleans24torouoft.


Riis, J. A. (1913). The value of playgrounds to the community. The Public Health Journal, pp. 267- 271.


Yorke, K. M. (1915). Saving lives on the wholesale plan: How Toronto has been made the healthiest of large cities. Maclean’s Mag, 28, July issue 12, p 20-22. Cont.p93.



Andrews, S., & Haeffner, N. (2013). Archive imaging the east end. London: The East End Archive at the Cass black dog publishing.

Baker, S., & Constantine, S. (1989). Street photographs: Manchester and Salford. Bloodaxe books. Bassnett, S. (2016). Picturing Toronto: Photography and the making of a modern city. Montreal, McGill-Queens University Press. pp. 208.

Baumann, D., Burkhalter, G., Salle, X., Romagny, V., & Roy, S. (2016). The playground project. Zurich: JRP|Ringier Kunstverlag AG.

Beales, A., Pearson, A. J., Goss, A. S. A. S. (1992). Of cial photographers: The work of Arthur Beales, Arthur S. Gross and Alfred Pearson. Toronto: The Market Gallery of the City of Toronto Archives.

Filey, M. (1996). From horse power to horsepower: Toronto: 1890-1930. Dundurn Press. pp. 14–15.

Goss, A. S., & Toronto (Ont.) (1980). Arthur S. Goss: City Photographer: Works by Toronto’s of cial photographer, 1911-1940 : March 8-May 11, 1980 : the City of Toronto Archives, Market Gallery. Toronto: Records & Archives Division, City Clerk’s Dept., City Hall Toronto.

Harney, R. F., & Troper, H. M. (1975). Immigrants: A portrait of the urban experience, 1890-1930. Toronto: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Hedges, N. (1979). Charity begins at home: The Shelter photographs, pp. 161–164 in Dennett, T., & Spence, J. (eds) Photography/Politics: One. London: Photography Workshop.

Hedges, N. (2014). Make life worth living: Photographs for Shelter, 1968-72 National Media Museum.

Hinchliffe, A., & Walker, B. (1978). Street children, Our Liverpool home. Belfast: Blackstaff Press. pp. 20-33.

James, W. (1999). William James’ Toronto views: Lantern slides from 1906 to 1939. Toronto: James Lorimer & Co.

Lorinc, J., McClelland M., Scheinberg, E. and Taylor, T. (eds) (2015). The Ward: The Life and Loss of Toronto’s First Immigrant Neighbourhood. Coach House Books,Toronto.

Meacham, S. (1977). A life apart: The English working class 1890-1914. London: Thames and Hudson.

Musgrave, C. (2013). Life in Brighton. The History Press. Original: Musgrave, C. (1970) The thirties in Life in Brighton. Kent: John Hallewell Publications pp. 383-396.

Nasaw, D. (1985). Children of the City: At work and at play. Garden City New York: Anchor Press/ Doubleday.

O’Connor, P. J. (1986). The story of central neighbourhood house 1911-1986. Toronto: Toronto Association of Neighbourhood Services.

QueenSpark Books & Lewis Cohen Urban Studies Centre, 1988 Backyard Brighton. Published by QueenSpark Books and Lewis Cohen Urban Studies Centre, Brighton.

QueenSpark Books & Lewis Cohen Urban Studies Centre, 1989 (2nd edition) Back street Brighton, photographs & memories. Published by QueenSpark Books and Lewis Cohen Urban Studies Centre, Brighton.

Roberts, R. (1990). The classic slum: Salford life in the first quarter of the century. UK: Penguin. Roberts, R. (1997). A ragged schooling: growing up in the classic slum. Manchester: University Press.

Valverde, M. (2009). The age of light, soap and water: Moral reform in English Canada, 1885- 1925. 2nd edition, Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Ward, C. (1978). The child in the city. New York: Pantheon Books.

Ward, C., & Ward, T. (1991). Images of childhood in old postcards. Avon: The Bath Press. Warner, H. (2014). Spitalfields nippers. London: Spitalfields Life Books.



Bassnett, S. (2011). Shooting immigrants: Ethnic difference in early twentieth century press photography. In Payne, C. & Kunard, A. (Eds.), The cultural work of photography in Canada. pp. 106-119. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

Cavallo, D. (1975). Social reform and the movement to organize children’s play during the progressive era. History of Childhood Quarterly, 3(4), pp. 509-522.

Chrobok, M., & Jenkins, W. (2012). Tracing the evolution of a Toronto ‘slum’: A comparative analysis of life in ‘the Ward’ during the 1880s and 1910s. nov2012/Chrobok%20GEOG%204040%20A3%20PDF.pdf. Toronto: York University Academic Writing award winner.

Curtis, B. The playground in nineteenth-century Ontario: Theory and practice. Material History Bulletin 22 (1985): 21-29.

Duffy, D. (2001). Furnishing the pictures: Arthur S. Goss, Michael Ondaatje and the imag(in)ing of Toronto. Journal of Canadian Studies, 36(2) Summer, pp. 106-129.

James, C. (2001). Reforming reform: Toronto’s settlement house movement 1900-20. The Canadian Historical Review, 82(1) March pp. 55-90.

Mackintosh, P. G., & Anderson, R. (2009). The Toronto star fresh air fund: Transcendental rescue in a modern city, 1900-1915. Geographical Review, 99(4), pp. 539-562.

Murnaghan, A. M. F. (2010). Spaces of nature, places for children: The playground movement at the turn of the twentieth century in Toronto, Canada. (Order No. NR68590, York University (Canada)). ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, 322. Retrieved from docview/817314572?accountid=14771. (817314572).

Purdy, S. (1998). Building homes, building citizens: Housing reform and nation formation in Canada, 1900-20. Canadian Historical Review, 79(3), pp. 492-523.

Robinson, I. (2008). Mediating a common sense of place: The Toronto archives a visual legacy: The city of Toronto’s use of photography, 1856-1997. Public, (37).

Sandomirsky, J.R. (1980). Toronto’s public health photography. Archivaria, 10, summer, pp. 145- 155.

Schwartz, J. M. (2000). Records of simple truth and precision: Photography, archives, and the illusion of control. Archivaria, 1(50).

Strong-Boag, V. (2000). Long time coming: The century of the Canadian child? Journal of Canadian Studies, 35(1), pp.124.

Tagg, J. (1988). Chapter 3: A means of surveillance: The photographic records and the growth of the state pp. 66. Chapter 5: God’s sanitary law: Slum clearance and photography in late nineteenth-century Leeds. pp 117. The Burden of Representation: Essays on Photographies and Histories. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.




Erica Simmons Website
Inventing the playground: How playgrounds got started.


Erica Simmons Spacing Article: History of Playgrounds in Toronto. July 31, 2013.


History of Carlton Hill


Kevin Plummer (2009-09-12). “Historicist: Anonymous Players on the Stage of History”. Torontoist. Often referred to as Canada’s first photojournalist, William James spent more than thirty years documenting Toronto and city life in all its varieties.”


Missing Plaque Project: Toronto’s Less Recognized History

Central Neighbourhood House Virtual Museum v2.php?id=exhibit_home& =0&lg=English&ex=00000818


Selma Montford texts re: Carlton Hill and publications


The Ward Museum


Harbord Village Oral History Project



Unearthing Toronto’s Multicultural Past: Archeological dig within St. John’s Ward Boundaries (00:02:52)

In the Ward: Lawren Harris’ Toronto (AGO) (00:05:08)

“The Cities” Podcast: The Cities Podcast: Ep 107 - Ghosts of The Ward with John Lorinc (00:10:38)


History of Central Neighbourhood House:

Cabbage Town, Regent Park Community Museum Production.
Part 1: (00:03:51)

Part 2: (00:06:26)

Part 3: (00:04:28)

Part 4: (00:03:32)



C.A. Mathew Photographs of Spitals eld a century ago. 11 Princelet Street, London, March – April 2014.


East End in Focus: A series of events inspired by the 1912 street photography of C.A. Mathew. Bishopsgate Institute, 2014.


Jacob A Riis: Revealing New York’s Other Half. Jacob Tugendrajch and Briinie Bordonaro New York City: The Museum of New York City, October 14 – March 20, 2016.


The Ward: Representations and Realities, 1890-1950. Curated by Paul Bishop, Daniel Panneton and Marisa Strom. Toronto: Campbell House Museum: March 16, 2016 – April 23, 2016.




Children of the City 1944 (set in Dundee), Documentary, made by Wolf Suschitzky and Budge Cooper for the Ministry of Education.



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